In Africa, reference is made to the guitar as having been introduced by Portuguese explorers as early as the 1400s, and the presence of guitar-like instruments such as the harp-lute that was first called the sanku and later known as seperewa.


There is also the plucked lute with three or four strings called the ramkie which were played by South Africans as early as the 1730s.  There were also other lute-like instruments in Madagascar, which looked like Arab or Islamic-influenced, like the Swahili udi (‘ud) and the Malagasy kabosy,  called gabusi in the Camoro islands. Later on, black immigrants in Liberia and Sierra Leone brought along the guitar, as did the sailors, soldiers, and missionaries that came from Europe and the Americas in the 1800s to the 1900s

Instruments whose origins are unknown are the kora, the bolon, and the ngombi.  The kora is a harp-lute with nineteen to twenty-one strings which is played by men to accompanies praise and historical songs sung by men and women in Senegal.  The bolon, on the other hand is a large three to four-string arched harp and the ngombi is an eight-string harp.

Next: Conclusion